Amazing terrain & significance in Mt Everest base camp trek

Dhan Karki
Everest base camp trek

Mt Everest (8,848m),the highest peak of the world is a dream for those trekkers, peak climbers, adventure seekers, and nature lovers. Mount Everest (Sagarmatha Local name) is located northeast part of Nepal at the border of Tibet and Nepal in Solukhambu district. Not only Everest but also longest Himalayan range,geographical variation & cultural diversity are the main attraction of the region.

Mt Everest base camp trek is the amalgamation of unique biodiversity, snow-capped mountains, Khumbu icefall (biggest icefall), hundreds of peaks, Birthplace of Sherpa (mountain climbers), amazing culture, tradition, lifestyle, Historical Buddhist and Tibetan religious sites, various lakes, breathtaking landscape, friendly environment, and respectful hospitality, etc. . Thousands of tourists follow Mt Everest base camp trek for various activities related to mountain expeditions, trekking, peaks climbers, etc every year. Attractions of Mt Everest base camp trek as follows;

Above 8,000m mountains in Mt Everest base camp trek;

Even though the region is named by the  Mt Everest base camp trek, there are still those hidden above eight meters majestic mountains respectively Mt Everest (8,848m), Mt. Lhotse(8,516m), Mt. Makalu(8,463m) and Mt. Cho Oyu (8,201m). This region is one of the unique and outstanding places all around the world for mountain lovers and adventure seekers within such a small periphery of the Mt Everest region only.

Mt. Everest

Name: Mt. Everest (world highest mountain)
Elevation: 8,848m
Location: Solukhambu District , Province No. 1 Nepal; Tingri county, Xigaze, Tibet Autonomous Region, China (Mahalangur Himal)
Local name: Sagarmatha
Popular activities: Expedition, trekking, climbing training
Trekking duration: Depends upon starting point
Best trekking season: March-May; spring /Good season
Jun – mid-Sept; summer/wet season
Mid Sept- Nov; Fall/ Best season
Dec– Feb; winter/low season
Best expedition season: March-May: spring /Best season

Mt. Lhotse

Name: Mt.Lhotse (world fourth highest peak)
Elevation: 8,516m
Isolation: 2.66km (1.65mil)
Location: Solukhambu district (Mahalangur Himal)
Popular activities: Expedition, trekking, climbing training
Trekking duration: Depends upon starting point
Best trekking season: March-May: spring /Good season
Jun – mid-Sept; summer/wet season
Mid Sept- Nov; Fall/ Best season
Dec– Feb; winter/low season
Best expedition season: March-Mayy: spring /Best season

Mt. Makalu

Name: Mt.Makalua( world fifth highest mountain)
Elevation: 8,463m
Isolation:17km (11mil)
Location: Sankhuvasava district ( Mahalangur Himal)
Popular activities: Expedition, Trekking
Trekking duration: Depends upon starting point
Best trekking season: March-May: spring /Good season
Jun – mid-Sept: summer/wet season
Mid Sept- Nov: Fall/ Best season
Dec– Feb: winter/low season
Best expedition season: March-Mayy: spring /Best season

Mt. Cho Oyu

Name: Mt. Cho Oyu (Sixth highest mountain in the world)
Elevation: 8,201m
Location: Solukhambu district (Mahalangur Himal)
Isolation: 29km (18mil)
Popular activities: Expedition, Trekking
Trekking duration: Depends upon starting point
Best trekking season: March-May; spring /Good season
Jun – mid-Sept; summer/wet season
Mid Sept- Nov; Fall/ Best season
Dec– Feb; winter/low season
Best expedition season: March-May; spring /Best season

Biodiversity in Mt Everest base Camp trek;

Sagarmatha national park is listed in world heritage sites because of its natural attraction and various biodiversity. With altitude variations and the rare climatic zone around the Himalayas, this region occurs various biodiversity including different vegetation, wild animals, flora and fauna, Himalayan herbs, etc. The region has verities of the climatic zone, temperature difference, alpine and sub-alpine forest.

Researchers found that 200 species of useful wild plants as medicinal species (MAPs) alpine plants, CWR, landraces, agricultural or useful plants., according to Himalayan seed banks (HSB). The buffer zone of the region is suitable for aggro-biodiversity by using local village seeds. So, to protect this amazing biodiversity and visit smoothly within a calm environment is our journey in the region.

Mt Everest base camp trek   is one of the best trekking regions in the world. There are plenty of options to trek in this region. Your desire or ambition will completely fulfill when you enter the region. Trekking itineraries are normally designed according to the demand of those clients; it can be made with the respective group as well. Main popular trekking and related activities are follows;

Mt Everest base camp trek from Lukla;

Start point: Lukla (Mt Everest base camp trek from Lukla)
Type: popular
Duration: Average (12-14 days)
Main activities: Hiking, mountain view, Sherpa culture, and tradition.

Mt Everest base camp trek from salaries;

Start: Sallari, headquarter of the district
Type: Emerging
Duration: long (13-16 days)
Main attraction: Jungle hiking, mixed culture, and tradition, Mountain View, typical village life.

 Mt Everest base camp trek from Jiri;

Start: Jiri, the classical trading hub of northeastern Nepal
Type: Emerging
Duration: very long (16-20 days)
Main attraction: Local village life, long day hiking in hilly reason, many rivers cross through suspension bridge, outstanding Himalaya and Himalayan range view, a mixture of various cultures,tradition, and lifestyle.

Gokyo lake trek from Lukla;

Start: Lukla
Type: popular
Duration: Average (11-13 days)
Main attraction: Mountain View, lake view, Sherpa culture, tradition, lifestyle

Renjola gokyo trek from lukla;

Start: Lukla
Type: popular
Duration: Average(11-13 days)
Main attraction: Thame stupa, Sherpa and Tibetan culture, Renjola pass, Gokyo lake, mountain view

Gokyo Cho la pass trek from Lukla;

Start: Lukla (Gokyo cho la pass trek from Lukla)
Type: popular
Duration: Average (12-14 days)
Main Attraction: Mountain view, Sherpa culture, tradition and lifestyle, Gokyo lake, Cho la pass.

Three pass trek from Lukla;

Start: Lukla
Type: popular (adventure)
Duration: Average(13-15 days)
Main attraction: Spectacular mountain view and landscape of Khumbu region from three different passes respectively Renjo La Pass (5464 meters), Cho La Pass (5420 meters), Kongma La Pass (5535 meters), Gokyo lake, mix culture, tradition, culture, lifestyle

Note: Those above mention trek can be started from other different places as well like Salaries,Jiri, Nele, etc. If these treks are not available in our search on the website, you can inquiry with us in our tailor-made option

Peak climbing in Mt Everest base camp trekking region;

Like popular trekking activities in the region, peak climbing also the attraction for those climbers and adventure seekers in the region. Popular peak climbing of the region are as follows;

Island peak climbing;

This is one of the popular and busy peak climbing in Nepal because of its appearance and outstanding view from the top. Island peak climbing is familiar with adventure lovers. The main attractions of this peak are;

  • Outstanding glacier as well as mountain view from the top of the peak
  • Adventurous lodge hike towards Everest region
  • Explore beautiful Sherpa and their lifestyle

Labuche peak climbing;

Like island peaks climbing Labuche peak climbing also one of the popular peaks climbing in the region especially because of its situation. One advantage of this peak climbing is we can climb it in two different parts, from the east(6,119m) and west (6,145m). There is no vast between two sides except little height. Labuche East peak climbing is more popular than the west. The main attractions of this peak are as follows;

  • It takes you more than 6000m hight at Himalaya
  • Amazing view of Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Amadablam, and Pumori
  • Unforgettable hike through the Everest region by exploring Sherpa culture, lifestyle, tradition, etc.

Mera peak climbing;

Mera peak climbing is one of the beautiful peak climbing of the region. This peak climbing takes you to the heaven of snow land White Mountains of the world. This peak climbing offers you to explore the southern part of Himalayan in eastern Nepal as well as Makalu you will have a chance to explore Makalu Barun national park. The main attraction of the region are as follows;

  • It takes the highest trekking peak at 6,461m
  • Spectacular view of five mountains more than 8000m meter high namely Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, Cho yo, and Kanchujunga and many peaks
  • Explore tradition,culture, lifestyle, etc on this beautiful region.

Culture,religion,food and lifestyle in Mt Everest base camp trek;

Not only natural attraction but also Tibetan influence culture, Buddhist religious sites, hygienic local food, and typical lifestyle are a memorable and unique thing that comes to you in your lifetime. Peoples of the region are cooperative, helpful, hospitable, and open-minded. Those citizens are Sherpa, who have known by name of mountain climbers. Many record-breaker’s mountain climbers including Mt. Everest ware born in this region.


Buddhism is the main religion of the region. There are many Buddhist sacred sites within the region. Those main sacred sites are as follows;

Namche Monastery;

Namche Monastery
Name: Sanga Thechok Descending
Sect: Nyingmapa
Established: 300 years old
Altitude: 3440m
Religious Festival: Nyingne, Dumji
Monk: One

Thamo Monastery

Name: Khari Dhogan Ganden Tenpheling
Sect: Gelukpa
Reincarnation: Khari Rinpoche
Established: 1962
Altitude: 2900m
Monks/Nuns: 35 nuns

Thame Monastery

Name: Dechen Choekhoring
Sect: Nyingma
Established: 350 years old
Altitude: 3780m
Religious Festival: Nyinge, Dumji, Mani Rimdu, Yarn
Monks: 35

Kerik Monastery

Name: Sangacholing Gompa Thechok Descending
Sect: Nyingmapa
Established: 350 years old
Altitude: 3540m
Religious Festival: Nyingne, Dumji, Chosen
Monks: 10

Khumjung Monastery

Name: Decheling Gompa
Sect: Nyingmapa
Established: 120 years old
Altitude: 3700m
Monk: one

Phortse Monastery

Name: Take Choling Gompa
Sect: Nyingmapa
Established: 1997
Altitude: 3840m
Religious Festival: Nyingne, Dumji
Monk: One

Debuche Nunnery Monastery

Name: Sherap Choling Gompa
Sect: Nyingmapa
Established: 80 years old
Altitude: 3800m
Religious Festival: Nyingne
Monks/Nuns: 15 nuns

Tengboche Monastery

Name: Dawa Choling Gompa
Sect: Nyingmapa
Established: 1919
Altitude: 3867m
Religious Festival: Mani Rimdu, Yarn
Monks/Nuns: 35

Nagarjuna Hermitage

Name: Nagarjang Hermitage
Sect: Nyingmapa
Established: 450 years old
Altitude: 4800m
Religious Festival: Nyingne
Monk: One

Food in the Mt Everest base camp trek;

Food of the region reflects its ‘Wintry Landscape’, revolving around ‘Barley’, ‘Dairy Products’, and ‘Meat.’ Those foods are unique and comforting. The recipes of cuisine are simple, hearty, and very warming. Especially foods are prepared by using noodles, goat, yak, mutton, dumplings, cheese (often from yak or goat milk), butter, and heartwarming soups. Generally yak, goat, or mutton meats are popular in the region which serve with spicy stew potatoes.

Mustard seed is specially cultivated in the region so if you want to have a test of mustard for a personal test it can be available. Don’t miss the chance to taste Dal Bhat while you are travelling in Nepal.

Peoples are simple and generous, mostly youth people have been involving in trekking, mountain climbing, peak climbing, and other adventurous activities and elder people are a typical farmer. Nowadays, with an increase in many tourists every year, hospitality, restaurant business, trekking and travel business, Himalayan sports organization, agriculture, etc are in the center of attraction for many youths of the region.

Khumbu glacier (Highest and largest glacier in the world) in Mt Everest base camp trek;

Khumbu glacier is situated in the Khumbu region between Mt. Everest and Lhotse-Nuptse ridge. The glacier elevation ranges from 4,900m at its terminus to 7,600m at its source. This is the highest glacier in the world. The glacier is followed the final part of the trail to the one of Everest base camp and it starts from the western cwm near Everest. Khumbu ice-fall also belongs to this glacier at the west end of the lower western cwm. This is the main obstacle and considered dangerous for summit Mt. Everest. Khumbu Glacier is also the world’s largest glacier in the world.

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